Many things can cause eye infections, so it is important to determine the cause before you start to treat your infected eye.
The most common infection we see is conjunctivitis caused by an adenovirus (the common cold). There are other types of bacteria and viruses that can cause eye infections. Fungal infections are also seen, though they are not as common.
There are times when eye infections get better without any treatment, though you should still see your eye doctor to make sure you don’t need to do anything. Most of the time, we prescribe medications to place right in your eyes to get rid of the problem. However, there are times when surgery is necessary. There are times when we have to cut out the infection.
To keep your eyes healthy, you need to have tears to provide moisture and lubrication. This is not only for your comfort, but it helps with your vision. Tears are secreted by glands around your eyes. When you do not make enough tears, you have a condition called dry eyes.
There is no cure for dry eye. Instead, we have ways to make you more comfortable. There is a product called artificial tears. This comes in drops and ointments. Depending on your needs, one may work better for you.
We also perform temporary and non-dissolving punctal plugs. These are used to close the ducts that help with the overflow of tears. If you stop the tears from draining out of your eye, you will have more tears in your eyes. We start with a temporary one to see if it is going to help before trying a more permanent arrangement.
If necessary, we may also prescribe a medication for chronic dry eyes. We may also talk to you about other medications and your nutrition. Many supplements have been helpful for patients with dry eye.